It’s easy to assume that heat pumps are used primarily for heating homes in the winter time. However, heat pumps are increasingly being used as a heating and cooling solution, and are actually constructed more like a traditional air conditioner than they are like combustion based heating systems.
This construction is what enables a heat pump to be so energy efficient. However, it also opens up these systems to a couple possible problems. To ensure that your heat pump remains in the best shape possible, you should be aware of how exactly it works. We’ve discussed one of the most vital components to a heat pump below: refrigerant.
What’s the Deal with Refrigerant?
Refrigerant is not simply one single fluid. In fact, it’s a combination of numerous different heat transfer fluids used in all air conditioning and heat pump systems. Refrigerant runs between the two units of the heat pump—one inside and one outside.
Inside each of the heat pump units is a coil that can act as either an evaporator or a condenser. The evaporator coil—whichever one that happens to be at the time—evaporates refrigerant to absorb heat from the surrounding area.
It then sends refrigerant gas down the refrigerant line to the other coil, where it condenses back into a liquid. From there, heat is either released into or out of the home. The refrigerant process is what allows the heat pump to operate effectively.
The biggest problem you may run into with your refrigerant is a leak in the refrigerant line. Heat pumps don’t consume refrigerant. Instead, they recycle it during their normal operation. Therefore, if a leak develops in the refrigerant line, it will drain the system of the fluid it needs to function. This will slowly result in a decline in efficiency, which can be followed by a system breakdown.
For Allen, TX heat pump services, contact Oaks Heat & Air today.